Woodworking The Complete Basics 
Wood working is a method of building, carving or making something using wood. Wooden products are seen everywhere these days. If you want to enhance the appearance of a room in your home, then there is no doubt you can find something made of wood.
It requires a great amount of skill to make quality handmade wooden products.
Basically wood is of 3 types. They are hardwoods that is obtained from deciduous trees, man made materials that include plywood and softwoods that are obtained from evergreen trees. There are many wood workers who have made a mark in woodworking by building some of the finest architecture, furniture. Some of the popular wood workers of all times are Alvar Aalto, Norm Abram, and John Boson.
Today wood working tools are used most commonly to make furniture in the house. You will also see a variety of wood working tools at construction sites. Most wood working tools are power driven. Some of the common wood working tools that are commonly used on construction sites are chain saws, nail guns, rotary tools, routers, biscuit jointer and sanders.
For inserting a nail into the wood you should use a nail gun. A wood working tool is used for cutting polishing, carving, sanding and for many other applications. Without these wood working tools you simply cannot make a wood product. All these tools are easily available in market.
Before operating these tools you should have good knowledge about how to use these tools. If you don’t have proper knowledge, could cause you injury and the end result will look funny. Generally skilled workers such as carpenters, train for years to a high standard to handle tools efficiently enough to produce quality products.
These tools are commonly used to make products such as cabinets, chairs, dining tables. And the better quality of wood used and top craftsmanship, you can expect the price to match!
Various Tools Used For Wood Working
Woodworking is a laborious job; this is because the activities as processing wood, cutting, fitting, etc, are involved in wood working.
Therefore it is important to use right wood working tools which help to reduce the required labor and make wood working much more convenient.
The wood working tools are simple wood working supplies as hammer, saw, etc, which are small and operated manually. However, apart from wood working tools wood working machines also are available for facilitating your projects.
The difference between wood working machines and wood working tools is that wood working tools are simple, small, and cheap. As they are small, they are usually portable and have to be operated by holding them in hands. They are used for simple wood working operations jobs as cutting, fitting different pieces of wood in order to make any type of wood work piece. On the other hand, the wood working machines are large and are usually costly. They are used for the activities as processing of wood and even creating new wooden artistic objects.
There are several wood working tools used these days. The most commonly used among them is a saw. There are different types of saws such as Japanese saws, dovetail saws, cross cut saws, Tenon saws, bow saws, chain saws, etc. They are used for cutting. However, before cutting the wood, it is to be marked with wood working tools such as markers and majoring tools.
The tools as measuring tapes, squares, rules, etc are required for measuring and the wood working tools as marking gauges, knives awls, play a very crucial part in marking marks before cutting. Marking is very crucial part of woodworking. This is where the skills of the wood workers come into picture.
Then the third most common wood working tools are hammers. The hammers are required to fix nails with which the different pieces of wood are fixed together to make the work piece. Apart from nails, screws also are commonly used for fixing the different parts of the work piece. For using screws, we first need to drill holes in the wood. The drilling machines are the tools for this purpose.
Then the next important categories of wood working tools are the chisels, scrappers and carving tools. They are required for a number of small activities involved in wood working.
The finishing of the wood work pieces also is an important part of wood working. There are some wood working tools used for finishing also. The wood planes are used for smoothening and regularizing the surface. Scrappers and polishers as sandpapers, steel wool and other abrasives also are useful for smoothening of the surface.
For additional support for fixing the different parts, the work piece together wax or adhesives are applied along with the nails and screws. The work piece is also generally colored of polished with varnishes, colors etc. therefore the wood working tools as brushes, or sprayers also are required.
These are only among some of the common wood working tools that every wood worker should have. All the above-mentioned tools are cheap and therefore even the non-commercial wood worker too may have them in his collection of wood working tools.
Wood Working Machines
The popularity of wood is because it is easily available and can be cut easily for making different articles. The wood working machines are the tools, which make cutting and wood working even more easy and convenient.
The wood working machines are wood working tools that are driven by a motor, which works on electricity or oil. They can be divided into two types as the ones, which are used for the smaller scale wood working, and the others are for the large-scale wood working. They are used for cutting, polishing smoothening, drilling of wood. The nail guns are useful for fixing the different parts together.
The small-scale wood working machines are mainly used today for making artistic articles, or furniture in small workshops, etc. the capacity of these machines is low. They may be further subdivided according to the mode of use. The two types are the hand held wood working machines and the fixed wood working machines.
Some examples of hand held small-scale wood working machines are biscuit joiner, chain saw jigsaw, electric drill, domino jointer, nail gun, rotary tool, etc. Some examples of the fixed small-scale wood working machines are the drill press, band saw, drum sander, jointer, bench grinder, combination machine, wood lathe, table saw, thicknesser, spindle moulder, etc.
Thus, small-scale wood working machines are available for all the tasks involved in woodworking. They are small sized and of lower capacity. Therefore, they are cheap and affordable to the people who want to set up a furniture repair shop or small workshop for wooden furniture and articles.
The large-scale wood working machines are the machines, which are large and have very large capacity. They are generally used in the factories which manufacture process timber to produce plywood, flat wooden panels, rods, etc which are assembled together to make furniture or used for other purposes. They are also used in factories, which manufactures furniture or wooden articles on a very large scale. Due to their large size and high prices, they are not used by the small-scale wood workers.
Some of the examples of large-scale wood working machines are the double end tenor, panel-dividing machines, machines for processing the edges of panels, machines used for boring or preparing holes in wooden pieces, assembling machines, etc.
The wood working machines have number of advantages. The wood working machines for each task in wood working are available. Moreover, there is also a lot of variety in their capacity. Because of this, they are available in different sizes and prices. So everybody can choose according to his need and convenience. One more advantage is that their parts around replaceable.
They are simple to use. Thus, they make the artistic and skilled job of wood working very simple. Improvements are taking place constantly their capacities, ability, are constantly improving.
Free Wood Working Plans
A wide range of free wood working plans are available on the internet. Indeed you will get valuable information from free wood working plans that can be used for home renovation purposes. On some websites amateur wood workers share their experience, tips and ideas that make up for great free wood working plans. Some free wood working plans that are commonly used are bookcase plans, bed plans, shed plans, workbench plans and entertainment centre plans
Cherry Bookshelf plans: It consists of 13 pieces that are screwed and dadoed together. The shaping and joinery is done with the help of drill press and a table saw. The bookshelf has slats and pyramid top posts. Cherry wood is used as it is lighter. You can use other types of wood such as quatersawn white oak. For building this bookcase you require screws, screw hole plugs, slates and shelves. The dimensions of these items will differ according to your requirements.
Break Down Chair Plans: This high backed chair and has no wedges or pegs. You can easily make 2 chairs out of 4’x8’ sheet of good quality plywood. It is very easy to make these chairs.
Antiqued Table plan: Clear pine is used to make this antiqued beauty. Tools that are required to make this table are trim saw or handsaw, bits and drill, spray bottles, wet rag and belt or orbital sander. Materials that are required to make this table include legs, apron, fastening strips and table top. You also require screw and washer, shellac and carpenter’s glue and 8 hanger bolts. Depending on the size of table you want, you should select the dimensions.
Circular Kitchen Table Plan: Solid black walnut wood is used to make this kitchen table. The tabletop which has a radius of 2 feet is a perfect circle. The circular top is on a pedestal base which is constructed using laminated bridle joints. Warmth of this wood enhances as tung oil and polyurethane are used for protecting the finish. The contemporary design of this antique table is much more attractive than formal dining style. Jointer, jigsaw, hand router and some other tools are required to make this piece.
Mahogany bed plan: This ideal master piece is ideal for any bedroom décor. The bed is made from solid mahogany. The bed with its contemporary style has convenient rail hangers A series of slats are required for supporting the bed. A box spring is not required once you use these slats. Depending on the thickness and length of the mattresses the dimensions of the bed will vary. The dimensions should be such that it should be able to handle queen size mattresses. The bed is designed in such a way that you can disassemble it easily.
Jewelry Box plans: This elegant case has a simple design. If there are some beautiful small wooden boards in your house then you can make this box on your own. It won’t take you long to build this attractive box. This can indeed be a perfect last minute gift for a friend.
A Job in The Wood Working Industry
Arrays of jobs are available in wood working industry. Getting a job in the industry is not a difficult task, as you will be able to find plenty of job opportunities.
If you are a skilled worker then a job in the wood working industry is guaranteed. Even by acquiring necessary skills you can ensure a job in the wood working industry. In fact if you have the perquisite skills, excellent career growth are waiting for you in this industry.
If you have a good experience in furniture making then you can immediately get a job in the wood working industry. In today’s times cabinets are in great demand. Today beautiful and elegant cabinets are sold within no time. Hence, carpenters who have prior experience in making cabinets will be hired within no time in wood working industry.
Carpenters who are highly skilled in making fireplace mantels, wall units, railing, stair cases, counter tops, doors, and windows are also in great demand in this industry.
At present the wood working industry is flourishing and is facing acute shortage of skilled workers. You can also take help researching the internet to find the desired job in wood working industry. Some web sites list companies that have been making wood products for years and who are in urgent need of workers.
Engineers or draftsmen who have good knowledge of Autocad and experience in millwork and cabinetry industry will definitely get excellent pay and incentives are guaranteed for such professionals.
Candidates who have experience in handling architectural millwork projects can work as a project manager. Such candidates are given excellent pay and benefits such as paid health insurance.
People who have a track record of negotiating and pricing quality projects can work as estimators in this industry. If you have prior experience in managing and handling a team of estimators and project managers can apply for the post of an operational manager.
The post of an operational manager is considered to be a very high position in the wood working industry. Operations managers use modern technology to create quality products. Such people should be highly energetic as lot of responsibility rests on their shoulders.
Carpenters who have good knowledge of using modern tools such as band saw blades are always in demand. Craftsman who can build ornate furniture with the help of hand tools and are able to use power tools efficiently can easily find a job in the wood working industry.